8.1. What is COVID-19?
Coronavirus disease COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by a new, previously unknown coronavirus affecting the human respiratory tract.
COVID-19 is a disease caused by a new coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2. WHO first became aware of this new virus on 31 December 2019 after reporting multiple cases of ``viral pneumonia'' in Wuhan, People's Republic of China.
8.2. How is COVID-19 spread?
COVID-19 is spread by airborne droplets when an infected person coughs, sneezes or speaks. People can also become infected by touching a contaminated surface and then touching their eyes, mouth or nose.
8.3. How can you keep yourself and others safe from COVID-19?
Standard recommendations to prevent the spread of COVID-19 include frequent hand washing with an alcohol-based hand cleaner or soap and water, covering the nose and mouth with a bent elbow when coughing or sneezing, avoiding close contact with people who have fever or cough, wearing protective medical masks, and wearing gloves.
If you experience symptoms of COVID-19, it is recommended that you contact your doctor immediately.
8.4. How do you take care of your health?
Control what you eat and follow a balanced diet.
Exercise, get fit and do sports.
Avoid alcohol, tobacco and drugs.
Take reasonable amounts of vitamins, after consulting your doctor!
Always take time to rest; do not work more than 6 hours a day.
Take care of your personal hygiene as well as the cleanliness of your home and workplace.
Listen to your local health authorities' recommendations.
Always think positively and manage your anxiety triggers.
8.5. How and what to do to strengthen immunity during a pandemic against COVID-19?
Good sleep is essential for a strong immune system, so it is important to get enough sleep.
Eat more whole-grain foods and healthy fats.
Reduce and control your sugar intake.
Wash your hands regularly.
Use medical masks.
Use medical gloves.
Try to avoid going to public places.
8.6. How to use medical masks correctly?
Wash your hands before you are about to put on a mask and before and after you take it off and after you touch it at any time.
Make sure your mask covers your nose, mouth and chin tightly and does not allow air currents to enter.
When you remove your mask, keep it in a clean plastic bag and wash it every day if it is a cloth mask, or dispose of a medical mask in the bin.
Use disinfection boxes to disinfect masks.
Follow these five steps every time:
Wet your hands with clean running water (lukewarm or cold), close the tap and apply soap.
Lather up your hands by rubbing them together with the soap. Lather the back of your hands between your fingers and under your nails.
Rub your hands together for at least 20 seconds.
Rinse your hands well under clean running water.
Wipe hands with a clean towel or air dry them.
8.8. COVID-19: Symptoms.
Most common symptoms of COVID-19:
Other symptoms that are less common and may affect some patients include
Loss of taste or smell.
Conjunctivitis (also known as red eyes).
Pain in muscles or joints.
Different types of skin rash.
Nausea or vomiting.
Chills or dizziness.
Symptoms of severe COVID-19 include:
Shortness of breath.
Loss of appetite.
Confusion of consciousness.
Constant pain or pressure in the chest.
High fever (above 38 °C).
Other less common symptoms:
Confusion of consciousness.
Decreased consciousness (sometimes associated with seizures).
More severe and rare neurological complications, such as stroke, brain inflammation, delirium and nerve damage.
8.9. Who should I contact if I have the first symptoms of COVID-19?
It is recommended that you contact your doctor or the COVID-19 hotline for help as soon as possible and get tested for the COVID-19 virus at the first sign of symptoms similar to COVID-19.
8.10. How many different strains of COVID-19 are there?
At this time, science knows six species of human coronaviruses, with one species divided into two different strains, making a total of seven strains of human coronaviruses.
8.11. Under what conditions does COVID-19 spread easily?
Any situation in which people are in close proximity to each other for long periods of time greatly increases the risk of transmission.
The main conditions under which COVID-19 spreads are considered:
crowded places with a lot of people in the vicinity.
Close and intimate contact, especially when people talk very close to each other.
Closed and enclosed areas with poor ventilation.
8.12. Are antibiotics effective in preventing and treating 2019-nCoV infection?
The virus causing COVID-19 belongs to the Coronaviridae family of viruses. Antibiotics do not work against viruses.
Some people who get COVID-19 may also develop a bacterial infection as a complication. In this case, your doctor may recommend antibiotics.
There is currently no licensed medicine to treat COVID-19. If you have symptoms, call your doctor or the COVID-19 hotline for help.
8.13. Can I get the COVID-19 virus after getting the vaccine?
Unfortunately, yes. None of the officially available vaccines gives a 100% guarantee that you cannot fall ill with the COVID-19 virus group after vaccination.
8.14. How long is the incubation period of COVID-19 lasts?
It is considered that COVID-19 incubation period, i.e. the time between exposure of a person to the virus and the first appearance of symptoms, is on average 5-6 days, but can be as long as 14 days, depending on the virus strain. Thus, quarantine should be in place for 14 days from the last contact with a confirmed case. In some special cases, longer quarantine periods may also be necessary.
8.15. Can I catch COVID-19 from a pet?
Evidence suggests that the virus is predominantly transmitted between humans, but there are also examples of transmission between humans and animals. Several animals that have been in contact with infected humans, such as dogs and domestic cats, have tested positive for SARS-CoV-2.
8.16. How long does the COVID-19 virus survive on surfaces?
COVID-19 viruses can survive on surfaces from a few hours (2 hours) to several days (9-11 days). If a person touches a dirty surface, the virus can enter the eyes, nose or mouth where it can enter the body and cause infection.
8.17. Is there a vaccine against the COVID-2019 virus.
Yes. At this stage in the world's response to the virus pandemic, there are three vaccines against COVID-19, approved by some national regulatory authorities. But unfortunately not one of them has yet received WHO EUL/PQ approval.
8.18. Be prepared for COVID-19 with SMG!
The most important aspect in treating a covid-19 virus infection is to remain calm, not panic and treat immediately! By developing together with the SMG - You will secure your future!